(Janet Camarena is director of transparency initiatives at Foundation Center.)
Recently when I was helping my son cultivate his ant farm, I learned that a lone ant is a dead ant. Ants are the ultimate collective, working in teams, and by doing so, they accomplish amazing feats that no lone ant alone could do.
Do Ants Know Something Foundations Don’t?
As you may know from unwelcome encounters in your home, ants tend to move very effectively by moving in swarms. They operate with what scientists call a “collective brain” or “swarm intelligence” that helps them share knowledge, move quickly over great distances, build bridges and highways, organize, and make collective decisions that accomplish tasks that they couldn’t do alone.
"IssueLab’s relaunched website has almost 20,000 knowledge resources, covering 38 different issue areas, from 7,000+ organizations around the world."
Philanthropy by contrast is increasingly fragmented, with individual foundations developing and often holding lessons learned, strategic direction, and operating plans close to their vests. Yet, like ants, they are often trying to move proverbial mountains and accomplish goals that a single institution can’t do alone. So, is there something we can learn from the insect world, much like how observing bird flight informed and inspired the development of aircraft? Can we observe insects to inform the development of collective intelligence?
There is hope here in that increasingly, philanthropy articles and conferences are turning to the theme of collective impact, and knowledge sharing, which are in many ways a departure from the current practice in philanthropy in which fragmentation - or the “lone ant” phenomenon - tends to be the prevailing norm. And there is also hope in the form of new tools that are available to you to help us all work smarter, provided we commit to take advantage of them.
Moving Toward a Collective Brain Trust
New tools recently launched by IssueLab may give us all a roadmap to how to go from struggling, lone ants to mighty ants. IssueLab’s relaunched website has almost 20,000 knowledge resources, covering 38 different issue areas, from 7,000+ organizations around the world. Each resource includes links to the full report, and helpful data, such as article abstracts, related articles, and author information.
Many of these resources include lessons learned and were funded directly by foundations. Together, IssueLab resources represent one of the greatest assets of the social sector, provided they remain easily findable and usable by others.
The Path to Open Knowledge
Toward that end, IssueLab's relaunched website also includes helpful resources aimed at helping the social sector commit to creating a culture of open knowledge. The website includes recommended principles and also tactical practices that organizations can adopt to move toward this vision of a collective brain trust, from which we can all mutually benefit.
Given the critical connection between transparency and shared learning, earlier this year Glasspockets added Open Licensing to the "Who Has Glass Pockets?" transparency self-assessment profile. Since this is one of our newest elements, and it is an emerging practice among foundations, we want to draw particular attention to a set of tools now available on IssueLab's redesigned site that aim to demystify the path to open knowledge.
IssueLab breaks it down into the following practices:
- Articulating an open knowledge policy;
- Using open licensing on all knowledge products;
- Using open knowledge repositories like IssueLab to catalog and better share your work; and
- Using a shared descriptive vocabulary, such as schema.org, on your organization’s website to make it easier to discover and index knowledge products.
To learn more about each practice, visit IssueLab's Open Knowledge area.
How Can We Know What Others Know?
And to continue building a bigger and bigger brain trust that truly represents the shared knowledge of our labors, the redesigned IssueLab also makes it easier for anyone to upload, find, and freely share research by providing metadata and links to original documents on publishers' websites.
New features include:
- An improved interface that makes it easier and faster to upload research to IssueLab and share items via a website, blog, or on social media.
- Filtered search, the ability to curate user libraries, and "what to read next" suggestions for related research.
- The ability to use Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to increase a document's long-term accessibility across the Internet and on archival sites like WorldCat, the world's largest library catalog.
- Metadata such as keyword search, date published, geography, and language to facilitate powerful searching and browsing capabilities.
Visit IssueLab to start collecting, connecting, and sharing knowledge, and just maybe collectively moving mountains.